Are you a fan of vaporizing flavors? In case you are, then you should be aware of a few of the dangers involved in this practice. The issue with vaporizing liquids is, sometimes, you merely never know exactly what you are inhaling. And so, you truly ought not to assume any particular flavor is totally safe. Still there can, however, be certain, that eating more dangerous vaporizing flavors will not necessarily harm you more. Here are some vaporizing flavors to steer from.
Vanilla ice cream could very well be the sexiest of most vaporizing flavors and it’s really great to see when paired with coffee, chocolate, vanilla as well as orange flavored drinks. The only problem with vanilla ice cream is that it tends to burn your tongue if you aren’t careful. So, it’s podsmall.com best to avoid it altogether unless you absolutely have to. However, it is one of the greatest tasting flavors of all liquids and it’s certainly worth checking out. Vanilla really is just about the most popular
Slot machines are the best source of enjoyment for gamblers. It is very exciting to play the slot machines in slot machines. Sometimes you may be lucky and win plenty of money when playing these slot machines. You can try out your luck by playing these slots in various casinos. However, there are specific precautions that need to 블랙 잭 룰 be taken while playing in these casinos.
Best casino slots deals? Real Vegas slots or old slots? Old slots or new ones? Benefit from the most real casino games free with this website. Casino saga contains many Vegas slots with bonus games, special deals, old Vegas classics, blackjack, roulette, croupier games, free internet games and many more in one place. Enjoy the best online gambling experience.
Best wishes casino slot machines on earth? There is no restriction about it. If you are an initial timer and want to try your luck in winning a large amount of money, you can even play the bonus games and use your credit card. You just require a valid id and valid email ID to enable you to obtain the bonus offers and win the jackpot.
The casinos offer free slots online. In order to play the free slot machines game, simply click on the casino’s website. You will see the simple instructions that will be given step-by-step. Just follow them accordingly and enjoy the excitement. The primary objective of the casinos would be to provide the best casino games free to its customers.
If you want to play slot machine game games for real cash, you can visit the land based casinos. But you need to have a bank account or at least credit cards that you can use for cash withdrawal. Also, if you don’t like playing for actual money, you can always play these slots via the internet.
Online slots are mostly played by those individuals who know internet technology well. Although it is possible to play the machines for real cash from land based casinos, but the convenience of playing the machines via the internet is more attractive. All you have to is a computer with web connection and some minutes to spare for the game. In fact, you can play for hours without feeling tired at all. Assuming you have some back aches or pains, it is advised not to play for longer hours as it might affect your ability to move around and play other slot machines.
Besides slot machines, additionally, there are video slot machines that could be played within an online casino. In this instance, all you need is really a computer and a sound device. It is strongly recommended that you install a sound system if you don’t have one. Along with slot machine game games and video slot games, there are also several other casino games you could enjoy within an online casino. Some of these games include internet poker, blackjack, keno, baccarat and roulette. However, if you don’t have your own computer, you can simply elect to play these online casino games using a browser window.
There is no doubt that playing within an online casino can be exciting. However, before you enter any sort of transaction, you need to first know the guidelines and policies of the online casino. And if possible, it’s also advisable to reserve enough money for gambling purposes. In addition to that, you should also make sure that you discover how to beat the slot machines and play video slot machines for actual money.
In an online casino, everyone can play. Even people that have physical limitations like long hours of sleep and insufficient amounts of restful sleep can still take part in online casinos. Thus, in order to be a part of casino games, you may consider signing up for a merchant account in an online casino. Of course, you still need to create aside some money as initial deposit.
Online slot machine games to provide players the opportunity to win actual money. However, since it is online and cost-free, you may be tempted to play more than your limit and risk getting caught by the casino’s staff. Remember that playing in slot machines for real cash is a common sense move to make. Do not forget that you have limited chips; play within the limit.
For individuals who are planning of enjoying their gambling experience from the comfort of their homes, they will find it in an online casino. You don’t have to travel long to get to a land-based casino. You do not have even to leave your chair to enjoy it. All you need is really a computer with Internet access and you are ready to go. It truly is the best way to enjoy your gambling experience.
Video slots is really a form of gambling that has been popularized by the introduction of electronic versions. Slots are played with a machine that spins reels of reels, giving random results. There are numerous machines that can be create to generate results, plus they can be operated by pulling coins from a slot machine slot. Machines that provide winning combinations have their winning icons displayed on the screen, so the player can easily see which combination they’ll win. If the ball player pays out and spins the reels, it will require them to a reel where they place a coin, and if they match the code, they will win the jackpot.
Video slots is now just about the most popular games at land-based casinos. It is especially popular in Ireland, where in fact the casinos employ the application of video slots as part of the entertainment package for its patrons. It enjoys a higher popularity among young males, especially university students. The reason being video slots gives the player an opportunity to use their money earning potential without having to be exposed to the risks associated with gambling. It really is thus a preferred activity for them, despite the serious disadvantages that are associated with it.
Like all other games of chance, video slots have a random number generator (RNG). These generators are internal elements of the machines, but they aren’t exposed to the players. They generate the random results at the time the machines are operational. Some casinos, however, add an RNG to the machines that use video slots during special events to make them more exciting for players. Aside from random number generators, these machines also use internal electronic boards, which play video slots, random number generators, and electronic dastardly luck machines.
The way that video slots operate is simple. For each spin of the mechanical reels, one reaches collect spins. These spins are what the ball player gets to keep for playing a slot game. In short, it is a method of gambling. In the event that you win a video slots jackpot, then you can claim the prize money in that one slot game and keep carefully the earnings intact.
The way the mechanical reels function to generate video slots jackpots are virtually self-explanatory. It begins with a button being pushed by way of a player, which starts the mechanism. The next matter that happens is that the gears inside the reels tighten and drag the button, evoking the next spin to be triggered. Once the next spin is triggered, more mechanical gears begins rotating and the result is a chain reaction leading to getting more spins per second and therefore more jackpots for players.
Another way by which video slots could be played for real money is by using paylines. Paylines represent the bets for the respective reels. The bet for the reels with higher paylines are worth a lot more than the bet for the reels with lower paylines. There are a lot of video slot machines that use paylines to look for the outcome of the overall game.
While there are still people who play video slots without paylines since they believe that they can get more benefits from playing without bylines, the increasing popularity of video slots has made this risky decision less advisable. Playing without paylines enables players to improve their chances of hitting more paying jackpots since there is a greater chance of getting more video chips with each spin. On the other hand, using paylines forces players to bet progressively because they hit lower paylines. This is the better option if you need to maximize your likelihood of making bigger profits.
To place your bets on video slots, you must pull up a reel’s random number generator (RNG). Utilizing an RNG will make it easier for you to control the results of the video slots game because you can use your chosen number generator to determine where and just how much you wager. By knowing the result of your bet, after that you can decide whether or not to improve your bet on another reels or if you should reduce your losses on the previous 카지노사이트 reels. If you are using an online slot machine that uses paylines, you must also follow the same strategy as how you would play in a live casino. Placing your bets, increasing your bet on the next reels and reducing your losses on the prior reels should all be done just as as you would do in a live casino. This can ensure that you will maximize your earnings and reduce your losses.
A slot machine game, referred to variously as the slots, slot pokers, fruit machines, the spinning slots, hot spots or fruitless slots, is basically a gambling device that produces a random game for its users. The slot machines certainly are a favorite with players, who reach play with unpredictable results and win huge amounts of money. Playing a slot machine is like gambling and therefore, has become very popular among folks from all walks of life. Additionally it is considered a hobby and recreation by many.
There are certain factors, which have to be taken into consideration while choosing slots. These factors are the time one has to play the machine; the money that one must invest; amount of people playing at a single machine; whether one prefers to play for the maximum credits; and whether one needs to stay in the casino for a long period. The slot machine should be chosen based on these factors. One can easily find information about slot machines and the various odds offered by them on the web.
When you go to a casino, it is very important have maximum likelihood of winning. This may only be possible if you select slot machines according to the type of casino you visit. You can find three types of slots, namely, progressive, self-explanatory and mixed reels. Each type of machine has its own unique design and its own unique payout rates.
Progressive slots will be the most common and the simplest of all slots. In this machine the player wins once the reels stop and the jackpot prize is provided. In a progressive slot machine the jackpot prize is randomly selected from the numbers which are displayed on the reels. The player who gets the jackpot prize must then put his bet. If his bet wins, he gets the prize and when it does not, then your other players get their money back.
The parable of a progressive slot machine can be an estimate of the probable payouts. Almost all of the progressive slot machines have a paytable that gives the expected winningnings on every spin. If you wish to know the pay table, it is possible to take help from 조커 바카라 사이트 the machine manufacturer or you can even check the manual.
Straight forward slots have fixed odds and they’ll offer you the same paytable every time. These kinds of slot machines are good for many who do not like to gamble quite definitely and for those who want to win the same sum of money over again. These types of slots will offer you the same odds of obtaining the jackpots as the other more complicated ones. These are the very best options for the common player. They are also best for casinos that do not need a lot of time to spend on winning small jackpots.
A different type of slot machine is the non Progressive or Single Action. They’ll give you the same probability of winning because the progressive ones but with smaller bankroll requirements. You can use the small bankroll requirement in lots of ways. You can make lots of short term bets. In this manner, you can make additional money without having to emerge from the casino with a large bankroll.
The majority of the slot machines in casinos will offer you the same probability of winning. However, you should know the way the casinos make their calculations. In this manner, when you are playing slots, you will be able to increase your likelihood of winning and that too, without risking a great deal of your own money.
E-Liquid, e-juice, vaporizing juice. All names for the product, the substance that is heated in a microwave to produce the vapour in using tobacco. Vaping e-liquid comes in so many wonderful and crazy flavours, catering for whatever your personal taste preferences are. With e-juice’s relative recentness, most people do not grasp what e Liquid happens to be, but in actuality it is not that difficult! I want to explain.
Once you smoke a cigarette, it reaches out into your lungs and burns whatever is inside your lungs. This is known as nicotine. Nicotine is a highly addictive substance which can be highly dangerous if it gets into your bloodstream. When you smoke an e Liquid, it does not burn your lungs, it vaporizes. Now, there are two distinct differences between vaping juice and regular liquid.
E-liquid is lighter than normal liquid because it is mostly water. Also, since it is mostly water, it tastes much better and contains more of a consistency that you’ll find in a regular bottle of the juice. So, when you start off e liquid, you will not have as strong or sweet a flavour as if you would if you were to take a 10ml bottle of normal juice or vice versa.
The best flavours are created with eliquid. You can easily find liquid in candy shops and supermarkets. When I first started, I tried basically any flavoured liquid, trying all of them. Some I found great, like raspberry and banana, some were OK, and others I was not impressed with. I suppose the largest problem with trying a wide variety of flavours is that you are unable to choose your favourite flavours very easily, so you end up settling for something never to your liking. If you need to try out something new, you will not be stuck for choice.
One of the better things about e liquid is that it will come in such a wide range of flavours. From fruity flavours to citrusy and also floral flavours, you’re bound to find something that you like. Among the things I love concerning the juices is that you will find a huge range available to try. If you want to try something new, you do not need to start off with several bottles of e liquid.
Another best part about the liquid, and something that I think is essential, is that it generally does not contain any kind of preservatives or artificial ingredients. In the event that you were to drink a vg orpg predicated on liquid, you would notice that there is some preservative inside it, and this is what makes it good for you. In the event that you were to drink a standard bottle of e liquid, you would not notice something. But if you are searching for a healthy alternative to the normal drinks that you might consume, then you should really start thinking about choosing apg or vg.
Not everyone begins smoking as an adult. There are a lot Vape of people who use it as a hobby, and some even start off as teenagers. Some people will get by without a cigarette for a long time on end, and they don’t start to see the harm in switching to e juice to help kick the smoking habit. The thing though is that these folks are never truly satisfied with their lifestyle, and they always want to venture out and enjoy themselves more. For anyone who is one of these people, you might desire to give vapour products a shot.
Despite the fact that the liquids flavours are getting better all the time, you may still find so many different flavours available. There are fruit juices, mint juices, fruit and chocolate flavours, and just about any other type of liquid you could possibly imagine. You can even choose between herbal and citrus flavours too, that may really appeal to the tastes buds of many people. There are so many benefits to quitting the smoking habit, and with the help of these great e liquids, it is possible to conquer the battle over nicotine addiction once and for all.
When you have been around the internet for just about any length of time, then you have probably heard of the new trend in quitting smoking called Vape Cigarettes. You could be wondering what this is and if it could really assist you to quit smoking. There are many people that have become fans of this kind of product because they can actually use it while they’re working. This way, they do not suffer from the feelings of going inside of their homes to have a few puffs of a cigarette. Here are several of the benefits to using the unit.
One of many reasons why people decide to use vaporizers is so they are able to avoid the oral cancer that is caused by second hand smoke. When you smoke a cigarette, the tar and nicotine enter your body. When you take your first puff of these devices, it’ll deliver a slow blast of warm air which is said to be enough to cause you to take the first puff. The thing is, as you take vapinger.com more puff, the nicotine and tar begin to enter your bloodstream. The reason why it really is so addicting is that when you take these vaporizers, the aerosol that comes out produces a nice and steady stream, thus preventing your body from becoming dependent on it.
Another advantage of these electronic cigarettes is that you never need a cigarette paper or a pen to write on. Since there is no ash produced with an electronic cigarette, there is absolutely no chance of causing dental problems just like a normal cigarette would. The reason why this is important to remember is because the average indivdual would need to brush their teeth 20 times a day merely to keep their mouths clean. This makes it extremely difficult for them to go back to their normal diets. By enough time a person is finished with the electronic cigarette, they have clean teeth no longer need to worry about taking care of their teeth.
It usually is very hard for people to give up smoking as a result of physical withdrawal symptoms they experience. Nicotine is a highly addictive substance also it can make quitting extremely difficult. Some smokers are able to stop cold turkey, but most require some type of support system to help them through the process. When it comes to e-cigs, these aren’t considered pharmaceutical drugs because there are no nicotine levels, so users can merely stop cold turkey and not suffer withdrawal symptoms. That is a huge advantage over other medications that require a certain amount of time to kick in. You don’t have to wait around for a specific medication to kick in before you quit smoking with an electronic cigarette.
There are many great benefits to be had from switching to an electric cigarettes over smoking. Associated with that you never need to experience the horrible throat cancer that’s commonly caused by smoking. In the event that you haven’t noticed, throat cancer is probably the most widespread diseases that’s currently affecting people. In case you haven’t yet experienced it, you should definitely start considering the alternative.
If you aren’t sure whether you will experience nicotine withdrawals, consider how bad it would be in the event that you did. You wouldn’t want to suffer withdrawal symptoms once you could easily cure yourself from the nicotine having an electronic cigarette. You also won’t have to deal with dealing with the horrible throat cancer that’s often associated with longterm smoking. Smokers that only smoke a couple of packs a month will rarely have any negative effects from their e-juices, but individuals who smoking several packs a day are at risk of serious health problems.
There are some different types of electric cigarettes out there for you to choose from. You can obtain ones that look like regular cigarettes and there are even those that appear to be candy. The reason why you are having to choose between regular cigarettes and e cigarettes is basically because you want to choose one that will offer the best experience. As I discussed earlier, there are tons of great advantages which come from vaporizing instead of smoking. These advantages include everything from better health to less harmful chemical compounds in your body.
Lots of people enjoy the fact that you can find so many different electric cigarettes available for sale. In the event that you were to select one brand, you could end up receiving really confused because of all the different brands out there. You might not know which electronic cigarette is a good for you personally until you’ve tried them all. It’s a great way to get started on your journey to stop smoking because you can find so many products to pick from. You can try one out for free, check it out for a week, and decide whether it’s the electronic juice for you personally. You may never get really confused about your decision when you have so many different options to choose from.
Are you currently a fan of vaporizing flavors? In case you are, then you should be aware of a few of the dangers involved with this practice. The problem with vaporizing liquids is, sometimes, you just never know exactly what you’re inhaling. And so, you truly ought never to assume any particular flavor is totally safe. Still there can, however, be sure, that eating more dangerous vaporizing flavors won’t necessarily harm you more. Here are some vaporizing flavors to steer from.
Vanilla ice cream could very well be the sexiest of all vaporizing flavors and it’s really great to experience when paired with coffee, chocolate, vanilla as well as orange flavored drinks. The only real problem with vanilla ice cream is that it tends to burn your tongue in the event that you aren’t careful. So, it’s best to avoid it altogether unless you absolutely have to. However, it is the most effective tasting flavors of all liquids and it’s certainly worth checking out. Vanilla really is the most popular
The most recent discount codes to hit the market are from Element Vape. These discount codes can save you around 50% on your purchases. Should you choose in fact use these discount codes, it can be said that you are getting the greatest deals and are saving more than you ever truly imagined possible while purchasing something from the Element Vape online store.
The most popular items in the Element Vape lineup is the Element Vape Discount Cod. This product offers great taste and vapor production. It has a rich chocolate flavor that may have you coming back for more. On top of that, this discounted code can be utilized on any purchase at the online shop including the DIY kit aswell.
To achieve the discount, all you need to do is enter the discount code during checkout. These coupons are valid on both the flavors like Cool Milk and Frosty Fruit Pie. It is possible to stack your purchases together to be able to save even more money. You may also choose to purchase shipping as well as the discount. The flavors available are Diesel, Fruit hoops, and other favorites. As with all the other products, they can be found in three different sizes from which to choose.
A number of the benefits of using promo codes and deals is that they enable you to get discounts and free items at the same time. Another great thing about these codes is you could find out what other people think of the product before purchasing it. When you are unhappy with it or feel that it doesn’t surpass your expectations, then you can return it for a full refund.
The web makes it easy to get discounts and coupon codes which will suit your individual needs and budget. Furthermore, the internet is without headaches way to research prices as well. You can find even sites that enable you to compare several different coupon codes at once in order that you know which ones are the best for you personally.
Using deals and online codes makes ordering easier, but the choice is really up to you. You should always pick the product that you like and feel preferred with. This way you will certainly know that you’ll only receive quality products that wont let you down. Understand that you are the one spending money on the product, not the business.
You may wonder to purchase Element vapinger.com Vape discount codes. A lot of the stores that sell the Element line have their very own websites where you could shop in person or purchase through their shipping program. Unless you see any mention of Element Vape at your neighborhood store, you should check online. Most retail stores that sell the Element line have a web presence and provide coupons and promo codes.
The internet is a great spot to look with regards to looking for discount codes. Not only can you find coupons that you can save money on, nevertheless, you can also do hand and hand comparisons of a number of different brands like the Element Vape. Looking online may be the ideal way to find these types of deals as very few other people are searching for discount codes the same thing. You can compare the same brands like the original Element, along with lesser-known brands like Vape Diesel. With a little time spent searching, you should be able to find some great deals on the most recent products available from Element Vape.
About Element Vape, Inc., the parent company behind the popular Elements Vaporizers along with other vapes is pretty confusing at first. At first it looks as though they are going to be considered a direct competitor to the Vaping Authority but in reality, they’re actually not. Instead they’re trying to make their products accessible and affordable for several consumers while still maintaining a high quality level and selection of products.
What separates Element Vape from their competitors is they have been established in 2021, well before e-liquid companies such as Blu-ray, vapor steam and also fruit juices were really popular. Actually, they were considered to be a niche product since they took five years to attain the amount of mainstream popularity that a lot of other e-liquid companies have achieved in only several short months. So, why has Element Vape taken such a long time to gain the eye of the e-liquid market? Here are a few reasons to think about.
Probably one of the primary things that hook them up to a slight disadvantage is they don’t offer a free gift with every purchase. While this may seem like a deal killer at first, they have since rectified this by including a free of charge electronic refill kit along with each element vaporizer. This was done in an effort to ensure that customers would really appreciate the worthiness of an element vaporizer and that they wouldn’t think that it was some big time gimmicky move. In addition, it helped them create a consistent customer service attitude because they know that when a customer appreciates their service, they’re more likely to return.
Another thing that contributed to their rise to fame and success is that they began offering cash return rewards and a discount for memberships. Simply the customer got two free draws of the product whenever they bought a bunch of juice or made a Puff Bar Flavors lot of juice. Now the client might pay a bit more than someone who doesn’t join a membership but the discounts and cash return made the purchase price very attractive. It drove many people to become listed on. Element Vape even went so far as to trademark the term “element vaporizer” also to include it on all their squeeze bottles, freebies, etc.
A very important factor that I’d like to point out in regards to Element Vape’s rise to fame is they do offer an opportunity to earn a significant sum of money. You can earn around $500 instantly! That’s right, if you purchase ten units of juice from your local store, you will then earn two reward points each and every time you purchase one unit from Element Vape! The key to doing this is making sure that you’re ordering from their website in order that you are employing their business hours.
A very important factor that I’d like to point out is that the client service that they provide can be quite impressive. It isn’t only high quality, but they are always willing to help a person with whatever they have to offer. Their customer support representatives can be reached by phone at any time of day on the hour, six days weekly. Assuming you have any questions about their products, or if you need help finding something that you want, just provide them with a call, speak to someone about their options, and it is simple to order online.
One company that is around a lot longer than Element Vape is Vaporesso. This e-liquid manufacturer from Canada has been around much longer than most because they’re highly established in america e-liquid industry. They are based in Burbank, California and they provide a great variety of top quality vaporisers, alongside matching accessories for the personal setup. They cater to both professional and personal set ups. As you may have guessed, Vaporesso also has their own e-liquid.
If you’re wondering what’s so great about Element Vape, I’d need to say it’s the fact that they have maintained a higher quality level while still providing new products that consumers continue to buy. The prices are reasonable and they provide a wide variety of starter kits, starter tanks and also some advanced products. What is also great is that they offer customer service in both their Canada and the united states. It doesn’t matter whether you live in Canada or the united states, you will get assistance and answers to all or any of your questions no matter where you live so long as you pay attention to the age verification and other safety features included on all of their products.
Tips To ASSIST YOU TO STOP SMOKING With A Vapor Cigarette
Going back few years, Vapes Cigarette’s products have already been gaining a substantial amount of recognition. Lots of people have come to appreciate the convenience of these kinds of cigarettes. People think it is very relaxing to smoke while working as well as sleeping. The problem some individuals face though is they want to give up smoking but just cannot seem to do it.
There are many reasons why people struggle when they make an effort to quit cigarettes. Some may be too busy and don’t have the time to visit their usual spot to smoke. Others think it is hard to stop because of the addiction to nicotine, which is present in every drag of the cigarette.
When you have been smoking for sometime now and you also would like to break the addiction, I suggest starting off with an E-Cig. These kind of cigarettes are made to mimic the specific taste of cigarette smoke without all of the harmful chemical compounds. The thing is though that you cannot smoke them with the same gusto as you can smoke your regular cigarettes. You can only benefit from the flavor for a limited time frame. Read on to learn why you would want to get one of these e-cigs.
One of the first reasons why people are afraid to quit cigarettes is they have no idea where to go once they opt to kick the habit. Since they are trying to give up cigarettes, they’ll turn to smoking magazines or stop smoking tips. While this is a good idea, you are going to end up failing. These sources will only present you with false information.
In addition, they will not give you any real assistance in quitting cigarettes. When you use them, you will be dependent on them. You must have a routine and stick with it if you need to succeed. Once you decide to quit, your body will be in a state of confusion. You won’t have the ability to function properly while you are smoking.
The last reason why many people are frightened to stop smoking cigarettes is basically because they do not desire to feel weak. In the event that you smoke a pack a day, then you obviously are addicted to the product. Even though you do not smoke cigarettes, you’ll gain withdrawal symptoms. Once you reach a certain point in which you feel weak and miserable, it is usually a sign you have overdosed.
Once you decide to quit, you’re going for a big step towards a better life. Everyone deserves a second chance at life. You can be healthier, you will sleep more soundly and you will smell better. There is hardly any reason for one to stay addicted to cigarettes when you’re able to use a device that may help you quit. You would be amazed at just how much better you will feel once you quit.
When you smoke a cigarette, you’re telling yourself that you are not happy with the way things are going. This is not a healthy approach to life. If you need to quit, you should start by trying to eliminate cigarettes from your own life.
Lots of people elect to go cold turkey. Which means that they completely quit cigarettes and do not smoke another cigarette for per year. While this may be effective, it takes time for the body adjust fully to not being able to surrender to nicotine. Addititionally there is the danger associated with not being able to give up smoking.
Another popular method that’s used to help people quit is hypnotherapy. Hypnosis is an excellent way to give up smoking. It works by changing how you take into account the habit. It targets the subconscious mind, which is where you must figure out how to change your behavior. Hypnotherapy can help you break the emotional and psychological ties you have with cigarettes.
If podsmall you fail to quit cold turkey, then you should consider using one of the methods above. You’d be amazed at how much better you will feel if you discover a way to quit. Lots of people who were heavy smokers decide to quit and live a smoke-free life. Now they are glad that they did. So if you want to end your addiction today, then consider all the above methods.